Winegrowing in Armenia dates back to Biblical times. It is stated in the Book of Genesis, that in 1657 (2104 BCE) Godâ€™s chosen one, Noah, after disembarking from the Ark which saved him and all the other creatures from the great Flood, was tasked with restocking a denuded earth, writes Kanika Dhawan.Â The Ark came to rest at the top of Mount Ararat, which is now the highest mountain in Eastern Turkey and was a part of Armenia until 1915 when Turkey took it over.
Noah is said to have planted a vineyard at the foot of the mountain, harvested grapes, fermented them and become inebriated on too much of his own wine. In the book, â€œAncient Wine: The Search for the Origins of Vinicultureâ€ by Patrick E McGovern, Scientific Director of the Biomolecular Archaeology Project, University of Pennsylvania Museum, there is a reference to wine in Armenia around the 8th century BCE. Inscriptions by the kings of Urartu who were settled around Lake Van (once part of southern Armenia, now in eastern Turkey) described Ararat Valley, Armeniaâ€™s key agricultural hub, as the â€œland of the vineyardsâ€. Even the Greek historian, Herodotus, wrote about wine being transported from Armenia down the Rivers Euphrates and Tigris in the 5th century BCE.
Such references shed light on how long back winemaking started in Armenia. In 2011, a team of researchers from UCLA and the Armenian Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, led by Armenian-American archaeologist Gregor Areshian, unearthed evidence inside the caves of Areni village in the rocky Vayots Dzor or â€œGorge of Woesâ€ region. The research team found a wine press, remnants of vines, seeds and vats with residue, dating back to the Copper Age, which was roughly 6,100 years ago.
Armeniaâ€™s winemaking culture may have lapsed to some extent due to the ravages of war, but itâ€™s back in full swing now with avant-garde wineries, post-communism vintners and snazzy wine restaurants spread across the country. Lianna Abelyan, Head of Project Implementation, Vine and Wine Foundation of Armenia, says that wine continues to be an item of importance in the daily life of Armenians. â€œWine is the main ingredient in all rituals in the church, as it is perceived as a symbol of Jesusâ€™s blood. Since ancient times, we have used wine to bless grapes for a ritual called grape-blessing, after which the grape becomes wine; it is also used during weddings.â€
About 83% of this wine is produced in the Ararat Valley and Armavir region. The other four winemaking regions are Aragatsotn, Tavush, Syunik and Vayots Dzor. Today, more than 45 Armenian companies are making over 100 types of wine with indigenous and foreign varietals. Indeed, Armenia could be described as a viticulturistâ€™s dream.
Some wineries to visit in Armenia:
VANARDIÂ -W www.vanardi.com
VOSKEVAZ -W www.voskevaz.am
KARAS -Â W www.karaswines.com
MAP COMPANY -W www.map.am
ARMENIA WINE COMPANY -W www.armeniawine.am
This is an extract from “Let There Be Wine” by Kanika Dhawan which appeared in print in SI Issue 5, September-October 2017